Regardless of bad credit or no credit, give free home loan quotes from multiple lenders and let them offer you the best rate available. Apply for a new home loan or for a 2nd mortgage loan. Want a long term loan with a high dollar amount but you are a non-homeowner? Consider refinancing your auto for a low interest, long term loan, or apply for credit counseling to manage your non-secured debt.
Home Loan Lender Terms:
Adjustable-rate loans, also known as variable-rate loans, usually offer a lower initial interest rate than fixed-rate loans. The interest rate fluctuates over the life of the loan based on market conditions, but the loan agreement generally sets maximum and minimum rates. When interest rates rise, generally so do your loan payments; and when interest rates fall, your monthly payments may be lowered
Annual percentage rate (APR) is the cost of credit expressed as a yearly rate. The APR includes the interest rate, points, broker fees, and certain other credit charges that the borrower is required to pay.
Conventional loans are mortgage loans other than those insured or guaranteed by a government agency such as the FHA (Federal Housing Administration), the VA (Veterans Administration), or the Rural Development Services (formerly know as Farmers Home Administration, or FmHA).
Escrow is the holding of money or documents by a neutral third party prior to closing. It can also be an account held by the home loan lender into which a homeowner pays money for taxes and insurance.
Fixed-rate loans generally have repayment terms of 15, 20, or 30 years. Both the interest rate and the monthly payments (for principal and interest) stay the same during the life of the loan.
The interest rate is the cost of borrowing money expressed as a percentage rate. Interest rates can change because of market conditions.
Loan origination fees are fees charged by the home loan lender for processing the loan and are often expressed as a percentage of the loan amount.
Lock-in refers to a written agreement guaranteeing a home buyer a specific interest rate on a home loan provided that the loan is closed within a certain period of time, such as 60 or 90 days. Often the agreement also specifies the number of points to be paid at closing.
A mortgage is a document signed by a borrower when a home loan is made that gives the loan lender a right to take possession of the property if the borrower fails to pay off on the loan.
Overages are the difference between the lowest available price and any higher price that the home buyer agrees to pay for the loan. Home loan lenders and brokers are often allowed to keep some or all of this difference as extra compensation.
Points are fees paid to the home loan lender for the loan. One point equals 1 percent of the loan amount. Points are usually paid in cash at closing. In some cases, the money needed to pay points can be borrowed, but doing so will increase the loan amount and the total costs.
Private mortgage insurance (PMI) protects the home loan lender against a loss if a borrower defaults on the loan. It is usually required for loans in which the down payment is less than 20 percent of the sales price or, in a refinancing, when the amount financed is greater than 80 percent of the appraised value.
Thrift institution is a general term for savings banks and savings and loan associations.
Transaction, settlement, or closing costs may include application fees; title examination, abstract of title, title insurance, and property survey fees; fees for preparing deeds, mortgages, and settlement documents; attorneys’ fees; recording fees; and notary, appraisal, and credit report fees. Under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act, the borrower receives a good faith estimate of closing costs at the time of application or within three days of application. The good faith estimate lists each expected cost either as an amount or a range.